Webelos Naturalist Discussion

  1. While hiking, keep an eye out for different animals - mammal, reptile, bird, fish - and let everyone know when you see one. If it is one you want to observe, fill out the observation card for it. Do 6 animals.
  2. What are some examples of producers, consumers, and decomposers in a food chain?
    A producer is anything that produces its own food, such as plants and plant parts.
    A consumer is a living thing that relies on other living things to survive.
    Primary consumers eat plants - mice, rabbits, ...
    Secondary consumers eat animals - snakes, birds, frogs, ...
    A decomposer is a living thing that breaks down other living and non- living things into nutrients and energy so they can be reused again by producers.- worms, insects, fungi, ...
  3. What is the "balance of nature"?     producing, consuming, decomposing - over and over and over
  4. How have humans changed the balance of nature?
    Humans are responsible for grand-scale redistribution of chemicals on Earth.
    Fires and other forms of combustion result in a breakdown of both living and non-living things. Living plants are generally able to recycle the compounds produced from their metabolic activities. This ensures a cycling of chemicals that living matter is made of. But factories and cars and other man-made things have little or no built-in mechanisms for recycling. So, humans have to rely on manual recycling as a means of reducing the non-natural byproducts we make. But not all man-made things are recyclable!
    The atmosphere and the hydrosphere now contain much of the non-reduced compounds. This has resulted in much environmental damage in the air we breathe and the protection we should receive from sunlight.
  5. How can we help protect the balance of nature?     Reduce, Reuse, Recycle.
  6. What are the main Bird Flyways in North America?     Pacific, Central, Mississippi, Atlantic
  7. Which one is Minnesota part of?     Mississippi
  8. What kinds of birds migrate through Minnesota?   geese, duck, heron, robins, scarlet tanager, sparrows, grosbeak (more)     over 400 bird species in Minnesota. MN Bird Checklist
  9. What is the Minnesota state bird?   Common Loon
  10. What poisonous plants are there in Minnesota?
    poison ivy - Erect shrub, or most often climbing or trailing; leaves alternate, with 3 leaflets, each smooth margined or shallowly lobed; flowers small in axillary clusters; fruit a smooth, yellow drupe.
    poison oak - Erect shrub, not climbing; leaves alternate, with 3 leaflets, each shallowly lobed; flowers small in axillary clusters; fruit a hairy, yellow drupe.
    poison sumac - Shrub; leaves alternate, pinnately divided with 7-13 leaflets, the leaf stalk reddish; flowers small in axillary clusters; fruit a smooth, yellow drupe.
    stinging nettle - Perennial, erect herb with stinging hairs; leaves opposite, simple, coarsely toothed, narrowly heart-shaped; flowers small, greenish, in axillary clusters.
  11. How can a dog run through poison ivy and not get irritated? Should you pet your dog after it ran through poison ivy?
    a dog's coat keeps the poison from reaching its skin, but the poison is still there and will get on your hand if you touch it.
  12. Are snake poisonous or venomous? What is the difference?
    venom is injected. poison is absorbed or ingested.
  13. Snakes are scarey. It would be much better if there were no snakes at all. Do you agree with that?
    snakes eat mice and other rodents.
  14. Do you know what a 'dry bite' is?     being bitten but having no venom injected.
  15. What venomous reptiles are there in Minnesota?     timber rattlesnake     massasauga snake

massasauga snake

timber rattlesnake

poison ivy
poison sumac
stinging nettle
poison oak